Fracture Toughness / Fracture Energy Data for Ceramics

NIST Standard Reference Database 138


Reference:

Reference: NIST Structural Ceramics Database

Other material collections: Property Data Summaries



Other Toughness materials

Zirconia (TZP) ( ZrO2 )

Reference: NIST Technical Note

Reference: NIST Structural Ceramics Database

Note: About Property Data Summaries.

Note: Abbreviations and Other Notes

Note: Other Materials

Material Summary:

                      [Ref. 1-5]        [Ref. 6-8]        [Ref. 9]
Manufacturer........: In laboratory     In laboratory     Toyo Soda Manf. Co.
Material Designation: zirconia (TZP)    zirconia (TZP)    zirconia (TZP)
Material Form.......: polycrystal       polycrystal       polycrystal
Composition.........: ZrO2·xY2O3          ZrO2·xCeO2         ZrO2· 3% Y2O3
  (mole fraction)
Processing..........: Sintered          Sintered          Sintered and post-hipped

References:

[1] T.E. Fischer, M.P. Anderson, and S. Jahanmir, "Influence of Fracture Toughness on the Wear Resistance of Yttria-Doped Zirconium Oxide," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 72, pp. 252-257 (1989).

[2] G.D. Quinn, R.J. Gettings, and J.J. Kubler, "Fracture Toughness by the Surface Crack in Flexure (SCF) Method: Results of the VAMAS Round Robin," Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Vol. 15, pp. 846-855 (1994).

[3] J. Wang, W.M. Rainforth, T. Wadsworth, and R. Stevens, "The Effects of Notch Width on the SENB Toughness for Oxide Ceramics," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 10, pp. 21-31 (1992).

[4] G.A. Gogotsi, A.V. Drozdov, V.P. Zavata, and M.V. Swain, "Comparison of the Mechanical Behaviour of Zirconia Partially Stabilized with Yttria and Magnesia," Journal of the Australasian Ceramic Society, Vol. 27, pp. 37-49 (1991).

[5] G.A. Gogotsi, E.E. Lomonova, and V.G. Pejchev, "Strength and Fracture Toughness of Zirconia Crystals," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 11, pp. 123-132 (1993).

[6] S. Maschio, O. Sbaizero and S. Meriani, "Mechanical Properties in the Ceria-Zirconia System," Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 9, pp. 127-132 (1992).

[7] K. Tsukuma and M. Shimada, "Strength, Fracture Toughness and Vickers Hardness of CeO2-Stabilized Tetragonal ZrO2 Polycrystals (Ce-TZP)," Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 20, pp. 1178-1184 (1985).

[8] K. Tsukuma, "Mechanical Properties and Thermal Stability of CeO2 Containing Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystals," American Ceramic Society Bulletin, Vol. 65, pp. 1386-1389 (1986).

[9] J. Kubler, "Fracture Toughness of Ceramics Using the SEVNB Method: Preliminary Results," Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Vol. 18 (4), pp. 155-162 (1997).

Property Table:

Temperature = 23 °C
Grain    Porosity    Fracture      Fracture   Measurement  Measurement  Comments
Size                 Toughness     Energy     Method       Environment
[µm]       [%]       [MPa·m1/2]     [J/m2] 
------   --------   ------------   ---------  -----------  -----------  --------------------------------
                         11.6                   NDC          air         Ref. 1; 3 % Y2O3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          4.4                   SCF          air         Ref. 2; 3 % Y2O3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1.4                    17.2                   SENB         air         Ref. 3; 2.0 % Y2O3;
                                                                                       250 µm notch width
  1.4                    11.2                   SENB         air                 2.5 %; 93 µm notch width
  1.3                    12.3                   SENB         air                 3.0 %; 130 µm notch width
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Ref. 4; 2.6 % Y2O3;
                          9.5                   SENB         air                       notch
                          5.6                   SENB         air                       sharp crack
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         10.6                   SENB         air         Ref. 5; 3 % Y2O3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         10.0                   SENB         air         Ref. 6; 10 % CeO2
                          8.5                   SENB         air                 12 %
                          4.4                   SENB         air                 14 %
                          4.3                   SENB         air                 16 %
                          4.0                   SENB         air                 24 %
                          3.2                   SENB         air                 32 %
                          2.6                   SENB         air                 40 %
                          2.0                   SENB         air                 48 %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0.5                     8.7                   ICS          air         Ref. 7;  8.6 % CeO2
  0.5                     6.4                   ICS          air                  9.5 %
  0.5                     5.3                   ICS          air                 10.8 %
  0.5                     4.9                   ICS          air                 12.2 %
  0.5                     4.4                   ICS          air                 15.8 %
  2.5                    17.1                   ICS          air                  8.6 %
  2.5                    16.9                   ICS          air                  9.5 %
  2.5                    12.6                   ICS          air                 10.8 %
  2.5                     9.5                   ICS          air                 12.2 %
  2.5                     5.8                   ICS          air                 15.8 %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0.5                    23.0                   ICS          air         Ref. 8; 12 % CeO2
  0.5                     8.0                   ICS          air                 14 %
  0.5                     4.0                   ICS          air                 16 %
  1.0                    36.0                   ICS          air                 12 %
  1.0                     9.0                   ICS          air                 14 %
  1.0                     5.0                   ICS          air                 16 %
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  0.45                    4.7                   SENB         air         Ref. 9; V-notch;
                                                                                 3 % Y2O3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------