IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database
NIST Standard Reference Database 106

Glass Ball as Bullet Solubility System: 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene with Water

   (1) 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene; C6H3Cl3; [120-82-1]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail
   (2) Water; H2O; [7732-18-5]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail

   A. L. Horvath, Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Runcorn, England. January 1983.

Critical Evaluation:

   The solubility of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene in water has been measured by Meleshchenko (1), Yalkowsky et al. (2), and Chiou et al. (3). However, there appears to be a serious discrepancy between the three reported solubility values. According to the authors, the error estimates in their measurements were ± 8 percent for Meleshchenko, ± 10 percent for Yalkowsky et al., and ± 5 percent for Chiou et al. Consequently, in view of these uncertainties, the recommended solubility value must be taken as the arithmetical mean for the three reported measured values.

With reference to Figure 3 and Figure 4 in the Introduction, the recommended solubility of l,2,4-trichlorobenzene in water given below for 298.15 K is within an acceptable margin of expectation.

The single data point available for the solubility of water in 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene at 298.15 K by Eidinoff (4) is accepted as a tentative value.

Experimental Data:   (Notes on the Nomenclature)

T/K103 * Concentration c1 [mol dm**-3]102 * g1/kg104 * Mole Fraction x1
T/K102 * Concentration c2 [mol dm**-3]101 * g2/kg103 * Mole Fraction x2
References: (Click a link to see its experimental data associated with the reference)

   1  Maleshchenko, K.F., Gigiena I Sanit. 1960, 25(5), 54-57.
   2  Yalkowsky, S.H.; Orr, R.J.; Valvani, S.C., Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 1979, 18(4), 351-3.
   3  Chiou, C.T.; Schmedding, D.W.; Manes, M., Environ. Sci. Technol. 1982, 16(1), 4-10.
   4  Eidinoff, M.L. In "Production of Heavy Water", National Nuclear Energy Series Division III-Vol. 4F, Murphy, G.M.; Urey, H. C.; Kirshenbaum, I., Eds.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1955; Part II, Chapter 7, pp 129-44.