IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database
NIST Standard Reference Database 106

Glass Ball as Bullet Solubility System: 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane with Water.

   (1) Water; H2O; [7732-18-5]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail
   (2) 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane; C2H2Cl4; [630-20-6]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail

   A. L. Horvath, Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Runcorn, U.K.

Critical Evaluation:

        The 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1) and water (2) binary system is treated in two parts; part 1 is 1,1,1,2-tetra-chloroethane (1) in water (2) and part 2 is water (2) in 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1).
      Part 1. The solubility of 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1) in water (2) has been studied by five groups of workers in the temperature range from 273.15 to 323.15 K. There is a reasonable agreement among the reported results except for those of Chiou and Freed1 whose measurements are markedly lower than other data and are therefore rejected.
     The combined data of van Arkel and Vles,2 Walraevens et al.,3 Sato and Nakijima,4 and Weight et al.5 were correlated to obtain the following mass percent (1) equation:

Solubility [100 w1 = 2.17896 – 1.3966 × 10–2 (T/K) + 2.35307 × 10–5 (T/K)2,

which shows a standard deviation of 4.97 × 10–3 in the temperature range from 273.15 to 323.15 K.
     The measurements and the curve obtained from the smoothing equation are shown in Fig. 10. The curve shows a distinct minimum at 296.76 K. The appearance of the solubility minimum for aqueous hydrocarbon systems is discussed in the Preface.
     The recommended solubility values at 5 K intervals for 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1) in water (2) are presented in Table 1.
      Part 2. The solubility of water (2) in 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane has been reported in one paper. Only the data of Staverman6 are available for the solubility of water in 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane and so no critical evaluation is possible. These data are classified as tentative. For further details the reader is referred to the relevant Compilation.

Experimental Data:   (Notes on the Nomenclature)

Table 1. Recommended solubility of 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane (1) in water (2)
t/°CT/K102 * Mass Fraction w1104 * Mole Fraction x1
View Figure 1 for this Evaluation

References: (Click a link to see its experimental data associated with the reference)

   1  Chiou, C.T.; Freed, V.H., "Chemodynamic Studies on Bench Mark Industrial Chemicals"; National Technical Information Service: Springfield, Virginia, 1977; PB-274263.
   2  van Arkel, A.E.; Vles, S.E., Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas 1936, 55, 407-11.
   3  Walraevens, R.; Trouillet, P.; Devos, A., Int. J. Chem. Kinet. 6, 777-86 (1974)
   4  Sato, A.; Nakijima, T., Arch. Envir. Health 1979, 34, 69-75.
   5  Wright, D.A.; Sandler, S.I.; DeVoll, D., Environ. Sci. Technol. 1992, 26, 1828-31.
   6  Staverman, A.J., Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas 1941, 60, 836-41.