IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database
NIST Standard Reference Database 106

Glass Ball as Bullet Solubility System: 1,2,3-Trichloropropane with Water

   (1) Water; H2O; [7732-18-5]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail
   (2) 1,2,3-Trichloropropane; C3H5Cl3; [96-18-4]  NIST Chemistry WebBook for detail

   A. L. Horvath, Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Runcorn, U.K., July 1993.

Critical Evaluation:

         The solubility of 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1) in water (2) has been studied by four work groups; whereas, the solubility of water (2) in 1,2,3-trichloropropane (1) has not been investigated yet.

      The solubility value of Wright and Schaffer1 is markedly higher than the other measurements and is therefore rejected. The remaining data of Hutchinson et al.,2 of Leighton and Calo,3 and of Bauduin et al.4 are in reasonable agreement, although further studies are required before any values can be recommend.

      The combined mass percent data2-4 covering the temperature interval from 275 to 298 K were correlated to obtain the following mass percent (1) equation:
Solubility [100 w1 = -14.676 + 0.097906 (T/K) - 1.61015x10-4 (T/K)2

which yielded a standard deviation of 1.47x10-2 in the prescribed temperature range. The concave shape of the solubility versus temperature curve suggests that the data may be inconsistent. The tentative solubility at 5 K intervals from the smoothing equation for this system in weight percent and mole fraction are presented in Table 9.

Experimental Data:   (Notes on the Nomenclature)

Table 9. Tentative solubility of 1,2,3-trichloroproprane (1) in water (2)
t/°CT/K102 * Mass Fraction w1104 * Mole Fraction x1
5278.159.92 x 10-21.21
10283.151.37 x 10-11.68
15288.151.67 x 10-12.04
20293.151.88 x 10-12.30
25298.152.01 x 10-12.47
References: (Click a link to see its experimental data associated with the reference)

   1  Wright, W.H.; Schaffer, J.M., Am. J. Hygiene 16, 325 (1932).
   2  Hutchinson, T.C.; Hellebust, J.A.; Tam, D., et al. Hydrocarbons and Halogenated Hydrocarbons in the Aquatic Environment, Plenum Press, New York, 1980, p. 577-86.
   3  Leighton, D.T.; Calo, J.M., J. Chem. Eng. Data 1981, 26, 382-5.
   4  Bauduin, G.; Bondon, D.; Gonzales-Moran, J.; Pietrasanta, Y., Analusis 13, 124-7 (1985).